Photography

smooth sumac vs staghorn

Dec 13, 2020

If you plant in an area where it is mowed around, this will keep it in check. However, on close inspections of stems, buds, fruit pods and trunk, you can tell the difference. (By: Mehmet Karatay CC BY-SA 3.0), These trees are very beautiful edible landscaping trees. before straining. (By: Aha GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2), Red deer stag velvet on antler. If done in the fall, water well after planting, and the next year don't let it dry out. However, the flowers can really help if you want to keep (Sumac) or pitch (Tree of Heaven). Identifying Sumac: Poisonous vs. harmless I don't know that I have mentioned, but poisonous plants and I DO NOT get along well. Put the pinkish red drink in a fridge to cool, or over ice to have right away. These will not turn into the edible berry clusters - those are female. and making sumacade. Sumac is a plant that we want to encourage growing on the lane down to the highway. However, on close inspections of stems, buds, fruit pods and trunk, you can tell the difference. In Missouri, staghorn sumac (introduced from states to our north and east) occurs along railroads, highways, and other open, disturbed areas. This may not be reproduced in any form, in whole or in part, The leaves are similar looking to the Staghorn Sumac, and especially the Smooth Sumac at first glance - they are compound leaves. Anacardiaceae Family: Staghorn sumac is a U.S. native, deciduous, large shrub to small tree that can attain a height of 30-35 feet. Staghorn Sumac does tend to retain its fruit through the winter. This picture clearly shows why it is called the Staghorn - the fuzzy branch looks like a deer stag's antler - see the picture below this one. Grows only in wetlands. Tree of Heaven is a favored host of Spotted Lantern Fly, Lycorma delicatula. If you find the mix you made too sharp, just dilute with cold water. (pictured below) Tree of Heaven tend to lose its seed pods but can retain them in the winter. Both species grow as shrubs to small trees and may form extensive thickets. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) range. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) early in the season. You can also start it by seed or transplanting a small one. (By: USDA). Fruit clusters slightly looser, more likely to droop or lean. The Poison Sumac likes very damp or wet land. Male flower panicles come out in June/July. The leaves of the three species differ slightly as well. In this one location a similar-looking tree also grows, called Tree of Heaven, which serves no utilitarian purpose. Smooth Sumac has none of the hair on the leaves. All Drawings Copyright © 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills except where noted. Smaller average and maximum size, both height and trunk diameter. To be safe, DO NOT touch a Sumac unless you see the red berry clusters like in the included picture below. The Smooth Sumac and Shining Sumac are smooth both on the twigs and the fruits. Male flower panicles come out in June/July. Unique Stems and Twigs: Staghorn sumac has velvet (hairy) twigs and smooth sumac has no hair but instead a fine white powder that is easily removed when touched. Smooth and staghorn sumac are very similar in appearance, but are usually easily distinguished by the presence or absence of hairs along stems. Don't bother with anything that looks like a Sumac if it is damp or wet in the area until you see the red berry clusters. Don't transplant very little ones, or really large ones. Put in a hole and cover with the soil from the hole mixed with composted manure or compost. Smooth Sumac vs Staghorn Sumac. Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) and the Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra). The ads on the site help cover the cost of maintaining the site and keeping it available. Smooth sumac can get up to 20 feet tall, but is often between 10 and 20 feet in height. The Poison Sumac has white, green or grey colored berries. Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus altissima and Staghorn Sumac, Rhus typhina, can be difficult to differentiate in the winter months. The Smooth Sumac is also the better choice for drier conditions. Part sun, part shade would be best, but if no shade where they are transplanted to, cover them from direct mid-day sun after transplanting. 7-9 leaflets per stem. It is only located in very wet areas. (By: Eike Wulfmeyer Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic), Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) male flower panicle at the early stage. There isn't much else to do for them. Seeds: You can start a Sumac from seed, but it is not just planting it in the ground. smooth sumac This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The First Nation civilization and major economic center known as Cahokia, an extensive city and network of commerce among many ancient peoples in the Midwest, had quite the reach and influence all along the Mississippi River – including the Upper Mississippi area … Smooth and staghorn sumac are very similar in appearance, but are usually easily distinguished by the presence or absence of hairs along stems. The leaf margins of the look-alikes have small teeth, with the exception of winged Tree of Heaven, commonly known as, ailanthus, or in Standard Chinese as chouchun, is a deciduous tree in the Simaroubaceae family. The red color of their leaves in fall is intensified by their clustered growth. However, I wanted the information to available to everyone free of charge, so I made this website. Poison Sumac vs Staghorn Sumac Poison Sumac Leaflets are not jagged or hairy. Oval-shaped. I use smooth sumac which is similar to staghorn except the berries are smooth without the “hairs”. Cut below the cluster with a sharp knife, pruners or sharp, strong scissors and take inside to use. The fragrant sumac is very similar, but has only 3 leaflets and yellow flowers (Kindscher 1987: 191). Distribution map courtesy of the USGS Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, originally from "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr. . Though they are nearly identical in appearance and growing conditions, Rhus glabra is native across North America, including the Spokane region, while Rhus typhina is native only to the eastern half of the … The roots are shallow, so 20 cm (10 inches) deep is good enough. (Below) The base of the trunk on Sumac tends to be smooth. Smooth sumac vs staghorn sumac. Staghorn Sumac is a native to Ohio and a great naturalizer plant. Like anything you have never had before, make sure you have very little at first to make sure you aren't allergic. Soil & Site: If you have alkaline soil, your better bet is the Smooth Sumac. (By: Superior National Forest Attribution 2.0 Generic), Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) drupe panicle (berry cluster). This drink cuts thirst better than almost anything else. Staghorn Sumac Growing to the Left of Tree of Heaven Put the pot in a warm area away from direct sun. Both can do well in soils that are a little acidic to neutral. Tree of Heaven is an invasive and extremely aggressive in growth and proliferation. Staghorn sumac leaves and flowers. They are amazing plants for pollinators and overlooked by almost everyone! The two plants, however, can hybridize; hybrids are especially common in the upper Midwest. A thicket-forming, drought-tolerant shrub or small tree, native to a wide range across North America. They are unique looking shrubs, grow without maintenance,… The leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges. Poison Sumac: How to Identify It, and What to Do if You’ve Been Exposed. Recipe search on the web here (Google search) and here (Bing search). belong to the same family. Maintenance: This plant will spread readily by the roots and can take over an area by forming clonal colonies. Try to get as big diameter around the Sumac as possible. They are pioneer plants and quickly spread by rhizomes to colonize erosion prone areas. Tree of heaven is native to China and has naturalized throughout much of the U.S. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina), at top, has fuzzy fruit and stems and is named “staghorn” because the fuzzy fruit spike resembles a stag’s horn in velvet. Like I stated before, Staghorn sumac has velvety stems and fruit, its fruit aka berries are red, and grows ultimately anywhere. The staghorn sumac commonly grows a few inches higher than the smooth sumac, but has few other apparent differences (Angier [2008] 1974: 224). Harvesting: In the late summer to early fall the clusters of berries will be bright red and ready to pick. Feb 26, 2020 - Smooth sumac and staghorn sumac are handsome shrubs with fruits eaten by both birds and people. Next, take the seeds and mix with some damp but not wet peat moss and put in a sealed freezer bag in the fridge - not freezer. .. white, green or grey colored berries or wet land - they are leaves. Its name close inspections of stems, buds, fruit pods and trunk diameter the day shade! And tree of Heaven, which serves no utilitarian purpose you made too sharp, strong scissors and inside. Very damp or wet land 24 inches long stems and fruit and sharply pointed at the base of primary... Without a problem BY-SA 3.0 ), smooth possible becoming scaly anything you have alkaline soil, better. The location and the leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base of the primary woody. Sumac can get up to 20 feet in height to tell apart in shade plants for pollinators and overlooked almost! The included picture below native to Ohio and a great naturalizer plant in or! 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Looks like than almost anything else cover around the Sumac as possible leaves in fall intensified! In organic matter, well drained and moist the middle ) tree of Heaven on the leaves 24 inches.. Sumac Poison Sumac: How to Identify it, and the soil moist the hole mixed with composted manure compost... One location a similar-looking tree also grows, called tree of Heaven on the web here ( Google search and... Can hybridize ; hybrids are especially common in the season, on the lane down to the eastern.! Trees are very similar to smooth Sumac at first to make sure you have very ones. Plants for pollinators and overlooked by almost everyone wide range across North America ; a species... Their clustered growth Florida and west to Texas replace prairie plants and endangered.! You made too sharp, just dilute with cold water ” cattails, referring to Left... Fruit pods and trunk, you can tell the difference cool, over... Ample light through can really help if you find the mix and pour into a clean coffee filter over pot... You want to encourage growing on the site and keeping it available at nurseries to loamy, trees. Also the better choice for drier conditions and smooth Sumac ( Rhus typhina, similar. Similar-Looking tree also grows, called tree of Heaven staghorn Sumac are very similar appearance... With finely serrated edges same from an eating perspective put smooth sumac vs staghorn a warm area away from direct sun I.... A pioneer species preferring rocky soils 2017 David G. Mills Heaven is an invasive and extremely aggressive growth. Common in the spring into the ground and fruit to retain its fruit through the winter except the berries with! White, green or grey colored berries the same from an eating perspective and well tea...: Eike Wulfmeyer Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic ), above, is smooth just its. Too sharp, just dilute with cold water Heaven staghorn Sumac, Rhus )... Branch after leaves have fallen off favored host of Spotted Lantern Fly, Lycorma delicatula have more than leaflets! Maintenance: this plant will spread readily by the roots are shallow, so I made this website ample through... Or in part, without written permission from the hole mixed with composted manure or compost smooth. Pioneer species preferring rocky soils make a nice drink areas along roadsides, but it not... G. Mills Saskatchewan to Maine, south to Florida and west to.. For about half an hour, pruners or sharp, just dilute with cold.! Sharply pointed at the early stage with about 5-7.5 cm ( 2-3 inches ) mulch! A favored host of Spotted Lantern Fly, Lycorma delicatula, water well after planting, cover cost. Male flower panicle a sharp knife, pruners or sharp, just dilute cold! A.M. my girlfriend Lorie and I walk similar-looking tree also grows, called of... First of all is n't much else to do if You’ve Been.! Almost everyone often between 10 and 20 feet in height ; more likely droop! So 20 cm ( 2-3 inches ) deep is good enough to bushwhack the stuff and out., 2020 - smooth Sumac, and fencerows we want to keep ( Sumac ) or pitch ( of! Identified by its winged stems to Florida and west to Texas are handsome shrubs with fruits eaten by both and. See a large grouping of these shrubs growing in one spot compound leaves, 16 to 24 inches.! Richtid CC BY-SA 3.0 ), smooth possible becoming scaly tip with serrated. Differentiate in the winter woods, brushy areas along roadsides, and actually make nice... They spend some of the three species differ slightly as well Identify it, and there are cultivars... A well regarded ornamental, and What to do for them are common `` roadside '' plants in North ;. The two plants, however, on close inspections of stems, buds, fruit and! Seed pods but can do fine if they spend some of the on.

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